PFA-Psychological First Aid

_firstaid_by_r-lobenwein

(painting by Robert Lobenwein)

It is humane, supportive response to a fellow human being who is suffering and who may need support.It is especially useful when there is a terrorist attack,or natural disasters.

PFA involves the following themes:

-providing practical care and support, which does not intrude;

  • assessing needs and concerns;

-helping people to address basic needs (for example, food and water, information);

-listening to people, but not pressuring them to talk;

-comforting people and helping them to feel calm;

  • helping people connect to information, services and social supports;

-protecting people from further harm.

PFA doesnot necessarily involving a discussion of the event that caused the distress,or any kind of psychological analysis.It is not a counselling or a psychiatric intervention.It is a psychosocial support,which can be provided by anyone,who have undergone a training of 12 hrs duration.

PFA involves factors that seem to be most helpful to people’s long-term recovery . These include:

  • feeling safe, connected to others, calm and hopeful;

-having access to social, physical and emotional support;

-feeling able to help themselves, as individuals and communities.

by Mike Wells,disparity

World Mental health day on october 10.Theme:Diginity in Mental health:Psychological and mental Health First aid.

(source-WHO)

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